PAPAYA Tropical FRUIT TREE
It is a good diuretic (water) Being a fleshy type fruit has plenty of water, around 90 percent. Thanks to this high percentage in water is an excellent diuretic. 2. Increase natural defenses (vitamin C) “Papaya provides vitamin C in such high amounts that 100 grams of food cover one hundred percent of the recommended
It is a good diuretic (water) Being a fleshy type fruit has plenty of water, around 90 percent. Thanks to this high percentage in water is an excellent diuretic. 2. Increase natural defenses (vitamin C) “Papaya provides vitamin C in such high amounts that 100 grams of food cover one hundred percent of the recommended daily amount for an average adult. It contributes even more vitamin C than the orange! “, Points out Vanesa León García, member of the Press Committee of the Association of Dietician-Nutritionists of Madrid (Addinma). Among the benefits of this vitamin indicates: • Helps increase the body’s natural defenses. • It favors the formation of collagen (the structural protein par excellence). • Activates the absorption of iron. • Has an antioxidant effect against free radicals. 3. Improves the health of the skin (vitamin A) Papaya covers 25 percent of the recommended daily amount of this nutrient for an average adult. A nutrient that improves the health of the skin, mucous membranes and the immune system. As Leon explains, beta carotene is the main precursor of vitamin A in the body. Among its benefits is the synthesis of melanin, a natural pigment in the skin that helps promote tanning and protects from solar radiation. 4. Antioxidant function (lycopene) “More important than vitamin A in papaya is lycopene,” says Luis Miguel Luengo, member of the committee responsible for the area of nutrition of the Spanish Society of Endocrinology and Nutrition (SEEN). “Lycopene,” he explains, “is a carotenoid that contributes to the coloration of papaya and has an antioxidant effect.” 5. Prevention of cardiovascular diseases (flavonoids) Another of its compounds is the flavonoid cryptoxanthin, which “acts as an antioxidant against free radicals, responsible for the premature aging of cells,” says León. “Flavonoids,” he continues, “protect from the oxidation of LDL cholesterol, which is why they help prevent cardiovascular diseases.” 6. Restores the acid-base balance of the organism (minerals) Papaya contains minerals such as calcium, magnesium, potassium and phosphorus, which help restore the acid-base balance of the body. Luengo points out that it contributes a slightly higher amount of magnesium and potassium, “although no more than other plant species.” 7. Improves constipation (fiber) León recognizes that other fruits provide more fiber, but he does not disregard the two grams of fiber per 100 grams of food that papaya provides. Luengo stresses that “it must be taken into account that 14 grams of fiber are recommended for every 1000 kilocalories of the diet, and that papaya contributes approximately three times what an average food should contribute to reach the recommended fiber target” . “Fiber helps improve intestinal transit time, improving constipation. It helps control glucose and blood cholesterol and makes these components absorb more slowly into the blood. Hence, it is speculated that it may protect against colon cancer and certain cardiovascular diseases, “Leon adds. 8. Aids in the digestion of proteins (papain) In papayas there is papain, an enzyme that helps the digestion of dietary proteins. Leon adds that “there are some preliminary in vitro studies that suggest that the mixture of the components of the papaya (especially when it is not ripe, but green) can help to slow down the development of certain bacteria that cause intestinal diseases, that is, it has bacteriostatic action “. Other benefits In addition to all the nutrients and benefits noted above, Luengo adds other properties: • Points to studies that indicate that a preparation of fermented papaya has regulatory effects on the immune and antioxidant system. • Affirms that it is used in traditional medicine in Southeast Asia to improve gynecological health. • Indicates that papaya has also been used to treat wounds, due to its papain content, which helps to eliminate necrotic areas and initiate healing.