Bonsai propagation is an investment of your time, patience, creativity, and money as well. Indoor bonsai is one of the two types of bonsai. It is like any other bonsai tree species that require water, sunlight, soil, fertilizer, and maintenance. But the only difference is that it is grown in an enclosed environment.
Growing an indoor bonsai tree is not that difficult to do. But you just have to observe the proper ways on how to cultivate an indoor bonsai well so that you can be successful in it. There are ways on how you can provide the needs of your indoor bonsai. Here are helpful tips that you can follow:
• Choose an appropriate tree species that can be grown indoors. There are a number of species suitable for indoors, specifically species under tropical and subtropical trees. Tropical trees include Jade plant (Crassula ovata), Fukien Tea (Carmona microphylla), False heather (Cuphea hyssopifolia), Bush cherry (Eugenia mytrifolia), Weeping fig (Ficus benjamina), Willow leafed fig (Ficus neriifolia), Black Olive (Bucida spinosa), Hawaiian umbrella tree (Schefflera arboricola), Dwarf jade (Portulacaria afra), Dragon plant (Dracaeria marginata), and Holiday cactus (Schlumbergera). Subtropical trees include Desert rose (Adenium obesum), Natal plum (Carissa macrocarpa-grandiflora), Powderpuff (Calliandra hamematocephala), and Star flower (Grewia).
• Plant it in a bonsai container with an appropriate soil for an indoor bonsai. There are various styles and shapes of bonsai containers or pots. You should choose a pot that would match to your bonsai style. The bonsai container should have holes beneath so that excess water can pass through it, and prevent the excess water from staying inside the pot. You can prepare your own bonsai soil or you can buy a commercially prepared soil from garden stores or nursery. Just be sure that you are using a good quality of soil.
• Water your bonsai whenever necessary. Check the soil if it becomes dry. Then, pour water on the soil thoroughly until water drips from the holes of the bonsai pot to ensure that it have reached the roots. But never allow the soil to become very dry and don?t under water it because it can cause dehydration to your bonsai and can further lead to death. You should not over water also your bonsai because too much water can rot the roots of your bonsai and eventually can cause death of your miniature tree.
• Expose bonsai tree to a low light. Indoor bonsai, specifically tropical species, can grow and develop with low light. You just have to place your bonsai tree near the window where it can be exposed to little sunshine. If none, you can use a fluorescent lamp. Place the indoor bonsai six inches below the lamp, Then, allow the bonsai be exposed to the fluorescent lamp for about 12 to 16 hours each day.
• Provide fertilizer for nourishment. It is very necessary that you feed your indoor bonsai regularly. You have to choose a water soluble fertilizer, and give it one or twice a month after watering the bonsai or if the soil is still wet. You should put fertilizer in your indoor bonsai on the growing season only. You can ask a bonsai specialist on what type of fertilizer is best for your indoor bonsai. You can purchase high quality fertilizers from garden centers or you can shop online.